The village and its history
The Il Pischiello estate – one of the largest country residences in Umbria – has its origins in a landholding which grew over time until it took over adjoining, new areas, which were progressively bought between the 15th and 18th century by the marquesses of Bourbon di Sorbello, one of the oldest and wealthiest families in the Italian aristocracy. .
The grandeur and fame of Il Pischiello, which went well beyond the region and lasted right through the 19th century, were the product of the boost to development given to the estate – in the first decades of the 18th century – by the brilliant genius of the most famous member of the dynasty, Uguccione III, who made it an excellent record of rural technology.
Indeed the estate housed an entire agricultural production chain with its associated logistics.
A workshop where the olives were pressed, cereals were stored and milled and grapes turned into wine; the carpentry workshop and the blacksmith’s forge; the accommodation for the farmworkers and the employees involved in various different tasks; a school, the church and the priest’s house: and in addition to this, of course, was the stupendous main residence rebuilt from scratch by Uguccione III Bourbon di Sorbello himself.
The village managed to become fully autonomous, thanks to the significant development of the work to transform raw materials, which were obtained through processes which would nowadays be considered ‘very vertically integrated’.
Around a covered area of around 13,000 square metres, the crops and the park (which was enriched by a number of much-prized botanical species, which were the real passion of Uguccione III, who was very knowledgeable in that area as well) were developed in an architecture of rare and carefully-obtained beauty, obtained from balanced perspective ratios and a cunning link to the terracing, the park itself, and wooded walks.
A very long, stately road edged with cypresses connected the property to the lake, and still does today. The whole complex blends perfectly with the surrounding countryside.
Starting from the 1950s Il Pischiello, which was completely deserted and abandoned, lay there suffering the onslaught of time, vandalism and continuous looting: which – after half a century – brought it to the start of the new millennium in a state of complete neglect.